Phlebotomy Technician Technical Standards

All individuals, including persons with disabilities, who wish to participate in the phlebotomy technician program, must be able to perform specific technical functions with or without reasonable accommodation.

The following information outlines the requirements, abilities, and behavioral characteristics necessary for admission, continued participation, and completion of the phlebotomy technician program at Harford Community College (HCC). Students should consult with the non-credit allied health coordinator to discuss any individual situation that may prevent his or her ability to meet the admission criteria or the essential technical standards. Requests for reasonable accommodations will be considered. It is ultimately the student’s responsibility to meet these essential qualifications for participation in the program.

To meet the requirements for admission, the applicant must:

  • Be at least 18 years old.
  • Possess a minimum of a high school diploma or a GED.
  • Review the program technical standards and ask questions if unfamiliar with the required activities or functions.
  • Decide if he or she has any limitations that may restrict or interfere with the satisfactory performance of any of the requirements.
  • Indicate willingness to practice direct care skills in a laboratory setting by role-playing both the phlebotomist and the patient/resident.
  • Indicate willingness to practice direct care skills in a laboratory setting by role-playing both the phlebotomist and the client.
  • Recognize the potential for exposure to bloodborne pathogens and potentially hazardous materials.

Any individual who is unable to meet the following technical standards will be unable to participate in the program.

  • Visual—Able to observe, monitor, and/or assess client, read fine print on monitors, devices and gauges.
    1. Read written instructions and requisitions.
    2. Acquire information from documents such as charts, computer images, and other modes of delivery.
    3. Discriminate colors.
    4. See and discriminate between varieties of equipment visual alarms.
    5. Observe demonstrations and clients close up and at a distance to learn skills and gather patient/resident data.
  • Hearing—Able to hear and understand faculty, staff, peers, clients, families, and healthcare workers; interpret conversations; and assess/monitor clients.
    1. Communicate and interact with faculty, staff, peers, clients, families, and healthcare workers from a variety of cultural backgrounds.
    2. Follow verbal instructions.
    3. Detect and discriminate between sounds of normal conversation.
    4. Hear sounds of a variety of equipment alarms.
  • Smell—Able to tolerate unpleasant odors related to human waste, secretions, infections, etc.
  • Mobility—Possess the mobility and strength to stand/sit for extended period and walk long distances.
    1. Move quickly from place to place and perform direct care.
    2. Modify client’s position in a phlebotomy chair.
    3. Stand/sit for extended periods and walk long distances.
    4. Reach above shoulder height to manipulate equipment.
    5. Reach below waist level to manipulate equipment.
  • Motor Skills (fine and gross)—Perform multiple motor tasks simultaneously. Possess fine and gross motor skills sufficient to handle equipment and provide safe and effective client care; steady arm and hand movements while manipulating objects or assisting clients.
    1. Perform CPR and other basic life support functions.
    2. Operate and manipulate instruments and equipment such as, but not limited to, pipettes, microscopes, centrifuges, and blood glucose monitors.
    3. Position/move clients safely.
    4. Push/pull equipment.
    5. Manifest all the skills necessary to perform phlebotomy (drawing a blood specimen from the vein) and collect other specimens safely and accurately.
    6. Chart/write in medical records and record client data.
  • Tactile—Possess a keen sense of touch and the ability to interpret tactile sensations to perceive information such as, but not limited to texture, mobility, firmness, strength, and temperature.
    1. Identify venipuncture sites by palpation.
    2. Detect changes in skin temperature and integrity.
  • Communication—Able to communicate in English, both orally and in writing, with faculty, staff, peers, clients, families, and healthcare workers.
    1. Speak English in a clear and easily understood manner.
    2. Write in a manner that is legible.
    3. Use correct grammar, punctuation and spelling.
    4. Read and comprehend written material in English at a minimum of the 9th grade level.
    5. Observe non-verbal communication.
  • Intellectual and Cognitive Abilities—Able to learn, measure, calculate, reason, analyze, integrate, synthesize, and use data/information.
    1. Interpret, problem solve, and demonstrate critical thinking.
    2. Perform mathematical calculations at a minimum of the 8th grade level.
    3. Convert numerical data from one measurement system to another.
    4. Respond to emergencies by processing information consistently, accurately, and quickly.
    5. Possess the ability to self-evaluate.
  • Behavioral and Social Attributes—Possess the emotional health required to use intellectual abilities fully such as exercising good judgment, promptly completing all responsibilities associated with client care, and developing mature, sensitive, and effective relationships with faculty, staff, peers, clients, families, and healthcare workers.
    1. Tolerate physically taxing workloads and function effectively under stress.
    2. Maintain composure while continuing to function appropriately and professionally in myriad situations.
    3. Adapt to changing environments, display flexibility, and learn to function in the face of uncertainties inherent in the clinical problems of many clients.
    4. Demonstrate team playing, compassion, integrity, concern for others, interpersonal skills, interest, and motivation during the education process.
    5. Recognize emergencies and be able to take the appropriate action.
    6. Accept constructive criticism and respond appropriately by modifying behavior.
  • Ethical Standards—Demonstrate professional demeanor and behavior. Perform in an ethical manner in all dealings with faculty, staff, peers, clients, families, and healthcare workers regardless of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, status as an individual with a disability, veteran, sexual orientation, marital status, or any other status protected by law.
  • Legal Standards—Submit to a criminal background check and/or drug testing as required by policies of the college, clinical facility, and/or regulatory agency. The student is responsible for any cost.